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Purpose

The purpose of this phase I/Ib study is to determine the safety profile of Epidiolex (CBD oil) in biochemically recurrent prostate cancer patients. The study consists of a dose escalation part and dose expansion part. The dose expansion part of the study will use the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) determined in the dose escalation part to assess the activity, safety and tolerability of the investigational product in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer after localized therapy with either surgery or radiation.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Completion of localized therapy (prostatectomy or radiotherapy) for prostate adenocarcinoma (either histologically or cytologically confirmed)
  • Biochemical (PSA) recurrence, defined as: * PSA of >= 0.2 ng/ml that has increased above nadir following radical prostatectomy OR * PSA increase of 2.0 ng/ml above post-therapy nadir after radiotherapy NOTE: PSA measured at two consecutive time points (separated by 4 or more weeks) is required in order to demonstrate the requisite increase in PSA
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/microliters (at baseline [pre-study])
  • Platelets >= 80,000/microliters (at baseline [pre-study])
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (at baseline [pre-study])
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase) =< institutional upper limit of normal (at baseline [pre-study])
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (at baseline [pre-study])
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy (non-prostate) whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen as determined by the treating physician are eligible
  • Given that worsening of an underlying state of mental depression or suicidal ideation has been reported with Epidiolex, patients should be carefully screened for depression at baseline and if there are indications or a history of depression it is strongly recommended that these patients be closely followed together with behavioral health or psychiatric medical support. Patients with an established diagnosis of depression that, in the assessment of the investigator may make the administration of Epidiolex hazardous, should not be enrolled on this protocol
  • Concurrent use of over-the-counter CBD oil, Marinol or marijuana is not permitted. Patients with a history of current over-the-counter CBD oil, Marinol or marijuana use for any reason are eligible only if they do the following: * Complete a one-week washout period prior to study initiation * Refrain from non-study related CBD oil, Marinol or marijuana use while on-study
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of hypersensitivity to Epidiolex (cannabidiol) or sesame seeds (one of the inactive ingredients in Epidiolex)
  • Any radiological evidence of metastatic disease (determined by standard of care computed tomography [CT] scans of abdomen. pelvis, chest, whole body bone scan or Axium positron emission tomography scan). Questionable lesions on bone scan will be confirmed by standard of care methods such as plain X-rays or Axium positron emission tomography scan, if not previously performed
  • Receipt of prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for recurrent prostate cancer
  • Use of androgen deprivation therapy (for example, bicalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide, or leuprolide acetate) concurrently or within the previous 3 months.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness such as active infections. Other illnesses will be evaluated and eligibility status determined at the discretion of the treating physician and the investigator
  • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Concomitant use of valproate or clobazam
  • Concurrent use of over-the-counter CBD oil, Marinol or marijuana
  • Epidiolex is a moderate inhibitor of CYP2C19 and a moderate/strong inhibitor of CYP3A4, therefore concurrent use of CYP2C19 substrates is not allowed

Study Design

Phase
Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
N/A
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
single arm
A Phase I/Ib on the Safety of Epidiolex in Patients with Prostate Cancer with Rising PSA after Localized Therapy with either Surgery or Radiation
  • Drug: Epidiolex Oral Liquid Product
    patients with rising PSA after failure of localized therapy will receive Epidiolex PO once daily for up to 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients receive an Epidiolex taper for 7-10 days after withdrawing from study for any reason or completion of the study period.
    Other names:
    • CBD oil

Recruiting Locations

UK Center for Clinical and Translational Science and nearby locations

Markey Cancer Center
Lexington, Kentucky 40536
Contact:
Zin W Myint
859-323-3964
zin.myint@uky.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT04428203
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Zin W Myint

Study Contact

Zin W. Myint, MD
859-323-3964
zin.myint@uky.edu

Detailed Description

Cannabinoids (CBD) have been widely used in medicines for centuries to control pain, nausea or vomiting, and to stimulate appetite, especially in cancer patients. Both cannabinoids receptor 1(CB1) and cannabinoids receptor 2 (CB2) were highly expressed in cultured prostate cancer cells compared to normal prostate cell lines. CBD inhibits tumor growth in xenograft model.

Clinicians have been challenged to improve the treatment of biochemically recurrent (BCR) prostate cancer in which prostatic specific antigen (PSA) rises without radiological or clinical progression years after localized treatment (radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy) with or without hormonal treatment. Approximately 50-90% of men with high-risk prostate cancer will experience a BCR. Based on the abovementioned preclinical observations of CBD's effect on prostate cancer and its safety data in two non-cancer populations, a phase I study of CBD in men with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer will be conducted.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.