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Purpose

The Ischemia-IMT (Ischemia-Intensive Medical Treatment Reduces Events in Women with Non-Obstructive CAD), subtitle: Women's Ischemia Trial to Reduce Events in Non-Obstructive CAD (WARRIOR) trial is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, blinded outcome evaluation (PROBE design) evaluating intensive statin/ACE-I (or ARB)/aspirin treatment (IMT) vs. usual care (UC) in 4,422 symptomatic women patients with symptoms and/or signs of ischemia but no obstructive CAD. The hypothesis is that IMT will reduce major adverse coronary events (MACE) 20% vs. UC. The primary outcome is first occurrence of MACE as death, nonfatal MI, nonfatal stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) or hospitalization for heart failure or angina. Secondary outcomes include quality of life, time to "return to duty"/work, health resource consumption, angina, cardiovascular (CV) death and primary outcome components. Events will be adjudicated by an experienced Clinical Events Committee (CEC). Follow-up will be 3-years using 50 sites: primarily VA and Active Duty Military Hospitals/Clinics and a National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet) clinical data research network (CDRN)(OneFlorida Consortium). This study is being conducted to determine whether intensive medication treatment to modify risk factors and vascular function in women patients with coronary arteries showing no flow limit obstruction but with cardiac symptoms (i.e., chest pain, shortness of breath) will reduce the patient's likelihood of dying, having a heart attack, stroke/TIA or being hospitalized for cardiac reasons. The results will provide evidence data necessary to inform future guidelines regarding how best to treat this growing population of patients, and ultimately improve the patient's cardiac health and quality of life and reduce health-care costs.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 100 Years
Eligible Genders
Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Signs and symptoms of suspected ischemia prompting referral for further evaluation by cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram or coronary CT angiogram within 5 years from consent.
  • Willing to provide written informed consent.
  • Non-obstructive CAD defined as <50% diameter reduction of a major epicardial vessel.

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of noncompliance (with medical therapy, protocol, or follow-up).
  • History of non-ischemic dilated or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • Documented acute coronary syndrome(ACS) within previous 30 days.
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%, New York Heart Association heart failure (NYHA HF) class III-IV, or hospitalization for Reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) within 180 days.
  • Stroke within previous 180 days. or intracranial hemorrhage at any time.
  • End-stage renal disease, on dialysis, or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 ml/min.
  • Severe valvular disease or likely to require surgery/Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TVAR) within 5 years.
  • Life expectancy <3-yrs. due to non-cardiovascular comorbidity.
  • Enrolled in a competing clinical trial.
  • Prior intolerance to both an ACE-I and ARB.
  • If intolerant to a statin unless taking a PCSK9 as a statin replacement by their clinical provider.
  • Pregnancy (all pre-menopausal females must have negative serum pregnancy test if randomized to IMT before study drugs are prescribed. If they have not gone through menopause, had a hysterectomy, oophorectomy, or sterilization such as tubal ligation procedure).

Study Design

Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description
This will be a PROBE design, that will evaluate an intensive statin/ACE-I (or ARB) treatment strategy (IMT) vs. primary prevention risk factor therapy treatment strategy (UC) in symptomatic (chronic angina or equivalent) women with non-obstructive CAD.
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description
The Clinical Events Committee (CEC) will be masked to all treatment assignment.

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Intensive Medical Treatment (IMT)
The IMT-assigned women will receive high dose potent statin, and moderate dose of an ACE-I (lisinopril) or ARB (losartan). Aspirin will also be recommended to IMT women without contraindications or bleeding risk. This group will also receive Lifestyle Counseling (PACE Assessment), Quality of Life questionnaires, and the same visit schedule and "face-time" with site staff to reduce bias.
  • Drug: High dose potent statin
    The IMT-assigned women will receive high-dose, potent statin (atorvastatin 40-80 mg/d or rosuvastatin 20-40mg) class of lipid-lowering medications.
    Other names:
    • atorvastatin or rosuvastatin
  • Drug: ACE-I (lisinopril) or ARB (losartan)
    Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are widely prescribed for primary hypertension.
    Other names:
    • ACE-I or ARB
  • Drug: Aspirin
    Will be recommended to IMT women without contraindications or bleeding risk.
  • Behavioral: Lifestyle Counseling
    The PACE Lifestyle Assessment Intervention which is a program to assist with smoking cessation, weight loss, and exercise.
    Other names:
    • PACE Lifestyle Intervention
  • Behavioral: Quality of Life Questionnaires
    Quality of Life Questionnaires will be obtained.
    Other names:
    • QOL
Active Comparator
Usual Care (UC)
The UC-assigned women will maintain standard of care. This group will also receive Lifestyle Counseling (PACE Assessment), Quality of Life questionnaires, and the same visit schedule and "face-time" with site staff to reduce bias.
  • Behavioral: Quality of Life Questionnaires
    Quality of Life Questionnaires will be obtained.
    Other names:
    • QOL

Recruiting Locations

UK Center for Clinical and Translational Science and nearby locations

University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky 40506

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03417388
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
University of Florida

Study Contact

Dana D Leach, ARNP-BC
352-273-8933
dana.leach@medicine.ufl.edu

Detailed Description

WARRIOR trial is a multi-site, PROBE design, that will evaluate an intensive statin/ACE-I (or ARB)/aspirin treatment strategy (IMT) vs. primary prevention risk factor therapy treatment strategy (UC) in 4,422 symptomatic (chronic angina or equivalent) women with non-obstructive CAD (<50% diameter narrowing).

There will be ~50 US sites, including VA/ military and OneFlorida CDRN sites, with a proven record in prior trials. The investigators will use web-based, real-time data entry, and management University of Florida Data Management System (UFDMS) for site selection, screening, participant eligibility confirmation, enrollment, and randomization. Participants will be recruited from screened women with symptoms suspected to be ischemic with non-obstructive CAD by invasive coronary angiogram or CT angiogram. The high dose statin (atorvastatin or rosuvastatin) and ACE-I (lisinopril) [or ARB (losartan)] are generic commonly used medications previously demonstrated effective for improving angina, stress testing, myocardial perfusion and coronary microvascular flow reserve in small size trials in this population. Additionally, aspirin will also be recommended to IMT participants without contraindications or excess bleeding risk, however aspirin will not be provided by the study. Both the groups will also receive Lifestyle Counseling (PACE Assessment), and the same visit schedule and "face-time" with site staff to reduce bias. Events will be adjudicated by the Clinical Events Committee (CEC), according to objective criteria and masked to treatment assignment clues.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.