AHEAD 3-45 Study: A Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With BAN2401 in Participants With Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease and Elevated Amyloid and Also in Participants With Early Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease and Intermediate Amyloid

Purpose

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with BAN2401 is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with BAN2401 is superior to placebo in reducing brain amyloid accumulation as measured by amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) at 216 weeks of treatment (A3 Trial).

Conditions

  • Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease
  • Early Alzheimer's Disease

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 55 Years and 80 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

Participants must meet all of the following criteria to be included in this study:

1. Male or female, age 55 to 80 years inclusive at the time of informed consent

• Those 55 to 64 must have 1 of the following additional risk factors, given the relatively low rates of amyloid positivity less than (<) 65 years:

- First degree relative diagnosed with dementia onset before age 75, or

- Known to possess at least 1 apolipoprotein E4 variant (APOE4) allele, or

- Known before screening to have elevated brain amyloid according to previous PET or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing. Individuals with historical amyloid PET scans with intermediate brain amyloid (example, from preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) studies such as A4 or EARLY) are eligible to be screened, provided the participant did not participate in any clinical studies involving anti-amyloid therapies subsequent to the PET assessment

2. Global Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0 at screening

3. Mini Mental State Examination score greater than or equal to (>=) 27 (with educational adjustments) at screening

4. Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised Logical Memory subscale II (WMS-R LM II) score at screening of >=6

5. A45 Trial: Elevated brain amyloid pathology by amyloid PET: defined as approximately greater than (>) 40 Centiloids on screening scan

A3 Trial: Intermediate levels of brain amyloid pathology by amyloid PET: defined as approximately 20 to 40 Centiloids on screening scan

6. Has a study partner that is willing to participate as a source of information and has approximately weekly contact with the participant (contact can be in-person, via telephone or electronic communication). The study partner must have sufficient contact such that the investigator feels the study partner can provide meaningful information about the participant's daily function

7. Provide written informed consent

8. Willing and able to comply with all aspects of the protocol

Exclusion Criteria

Participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from this study:

1. Females who are breastfeeding or pregnant at screening or baseline

2. Females of childbearing potential who:

• Within 28 days before study entry, did not use a highly effective method of contraception

For sites outside of the European union (EU), it is permissible that if a highly effective method of contraception is not appropriate or acceptable to the participant, then the participant must agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception

3. History of transient ischemic attacks (TIA), stroke, or seizures within 12 months of screening

4. Current or history within the past 2 years of psychiatric diagnosis or symptoms that, in the opinion of the investigator, could interfere with study procedures

5. Contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning, including cardiac pacemaker/defibrillator, ferromagnetic metal implants or exhibit other significant pathological findings on brain MRI at screening

6. Hypersensitivity to any monoclonal antibody treatment

7. Any immunological disease which is not adequately controlled, or which requires treatment with immunoglobulins, systemic monoclonal antibodies (or derivatives of monoclonal antibodies), systemic immunosuppressants, or plasmapheresis during the study

8. Bleeding disorder that is not under adequate control (including a platelet count <50,000 or international normalized ratio [INR] >1.5) at screening

9. Results of laboratory tests conducted during screening that are outside the following limits:

- Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) above normal range

- Abnormally low (below lower limit of normal [LLN]) serum vitamin B12 levels for the testing laboratory (if participant is taking vitamin B12 injections, level should be at or above the LLN for the testing laboratory). A low vitamin B12 is exclusionary, unless the required follow-up labs (homocysteine and methylmalonic acid [MMA]) indicate that it is not physiologically significant

10. Known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive

11. Any other clinically significant abnormalities that in the opinion of the investigator require further investigation or treatment or may interfere with study procedures or safety

12. Malignant neoplasms within 3 years of screening (except for basal or squamous cell carcinoma in situ of the skin, or localized prostate cancer in male participants with treatment cycles completed at least 6 months before screening). Participants who had malignant neoplasms but who have had at least 3 years of documented uninterrupted remission before screening need not be excluded

13. Answer "yes" to Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) suicidal ideation Type 4 or 5, or any suicidal behavior assessment within 6 months before screening, at screening, or at baseline, or has been hospitalized or treated for suicidal behavior in the past 5 years before screening

14. Known or suspected history of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence within 2 years before screening or a positive urine drug test at screening. Participants who test positive for benzodiazepines, opioids, or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in urine drug testing need not be excluded unless in the clinical opinion of the investigator this is due to potential drug abuse

15. Taking prohibited medications

16. Participation in a clinical study involving:

- Any therapeutic monoclonal antibody, protein derived from a monoclonal antibody, immunoglobulin therapy, or vaccine within 6 months before screening (anti-amyloid therapies within 1 year before screening), unless it can be documented that the participant was randomized to placebo or never received study drug

- BAN2401

- Any new chemical entities or investigational drug for AD within 6 months before screening unless it can be documented that the participant received only placebo

- Any other investigational medication or device study in the 8 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) of the medication before randomization unless it can be documented that the participant was in a placebo treatment arm

17. Planned surgery during the prerandomization phase or within 3 months of randomization, which requires general anesthesia

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
A45 Trial: BAN2401 5 mg/kg + 10 mg/kg
Participants will receive BAN2401 5 milligram per kilogram (mg/kg), administered as intravenous (IV) infusion, every two weeks through 8 weeks, then 10 mg/kg, administered as IV infusion, every two weeks through 96 weeks, and 10 mg/kg, administered as IV infusion, every four weeks through 216 weeks.
  • Drug: BAN2401
    IV infusion.
Placebo Comparator
A45 Trial: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo (0.9 percent [%] sodium chloride solution), administered as IV infusion, every two weeks through 96 weeks then every four weeks through 216 weeks.
  • Drug: Placebo
    IV infusion.
Experimental
A3 Trial: BAN2401 5 mg/kg + 10 mg/kg
Participants will receive BAN2401 5 mg/kg, administered as IV infusion, every four weeks through 8 weeks, then 10 mg/kg, administered as IV infusion, every four weeks through 216 weeks.
  • Drug: BAN2401
    IV infusion.
Placebo Comparator
A3 Trial: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo (0.9% sodium chloride solution), administered as IV infusion, every four weeks through 216 weeks.
  • Drug: Placebo
    IV infusion.

Recruiting Locations

UK Center for Clinical and Translational Science and nearby locations

University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky 40504

More Details

NCT ID
NCT04468659
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Eisai Inc.

Study Contact

Eisai Medical Information
+1-888-274-2378
esi_medinfo@eisai.com