133 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Effect of EPA and HMB on Strength in ICU Patients
Gerald Supinski Muscle Weakness
The investigators will determine if administration of HMB (hydroxymethylbutyrate) or EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) will increase diaphragm and limb muscle strength for patients on breathing machines in an intensive care unit. The investigators will first measure the strength of... expand

The investigators will determine if administration of HMB (hydroxymethylbutyrate) or EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) will increase diaphragm and limb muscle strength for patients on breathing machines in an intensive care unit. The investigators will first measure the strength of the diaphragm and a limb muscle (the quadriceps)using magnetic stimulators to activate these muscles. Muscle size will be measured by using an ultrasound to measure diaphragm thickness and quadriceps thickness. The investigators will also perform a vastus lateralis muscle biopsy. Patients will then be randomized to receive either placebo (saline 30 ml every 12 hours via the GI tract, EPA (1000 mg given every 12 hours via the GI tract), HMB (1500 mg given every 12 hours via the GI tract), or the combination of EPA (1000 mg given every 12 hours via the GI tract) and HMB (1500 mg given every 12 hours via the GI tract). Drugs will be given for 10 days; at the end of this time (on day 11), strength measurements, ultrasound muscle size measurements, and the vastus lateralis biopsy will be repeated. On day 21 an additional followup set of diaphragm and quadriceps strength and size measurements will be made (the biopsy will not be repeated for this last set of measurements). Patients will be followed clinically and patient outcomes (mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation after study entry) will be recorded.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2014

open study

Treatment of FUS-Related ALS With Betamethasone - The TRANSLATE Study
University of Kentucky Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
By doing this study the investigator hopes to learn more about a potential cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) called "oxidative stress". Oxidative stress is essentially an imbalance between the production of certain chemicals in the body called "free radicals" and the... expand

By doing this study the investigator hopes to learn more about a potential cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) called "oxidative stress". Oxidative stress is essentially an imbalance between the production of certain chemicals in the body called "free radicals" and the ability of the body to counteract or detoxify their harmful effects through neutralization by antioxidants. It is thought that factors such as environmental exposure (chemicals and lead), diet, smoking,alcohol consumption, physical activity and psychological stress cause oxidative stress to occur inside the body. By doing this study, the investigator hopes to learn whether the FDA-approved steroid medication called Betamethasone will restore overall antioxidant activity fALS patients with mutations in the Fused in Sarcoma gene (FUS gene). Participants who agree to take part in this research study, agree to the following responsibilities: - Attend all scheduled visits - Notify the study doctor of any illnesses, unexpected or troublesome side effects, or any other medical problems that occur during the study - Be completely honest with their answers to all questions - Check with the study doctor before taking any new medications, whether prescribed or "over the counter," even vitamins and herbal supplements.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Valproic Acid and Dihydroergotamine as Abortive Therapy in Pediatric Migraine
Kimberly S Jones Migraine in Children
The objective of this study is to compare clinical efficacy and tolerability of valproic acid (VPA) therapy versus dihydroergotamine (DHE) as abortive therapy in pediatric migraine. expand

The objective of this study is to compare clinical efficacy and tolerability of valproic acid (VPA) therapy versus dihydroergotamine (DHE) as abortive therapy in pediatric migraine.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2017

open study

Study to Evaluate Eflornithine + Lomustine vs Lomustine in Recurrent Anaplastic Astrocytoma (AA) Patients
Orbus Therapeutics, Inc. Anaplastic Astrocytoma Recurrent Anaplastic Astrocytoma
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of eflornithine in combination with lomustine, compared to lomustine taken alone, in treating patients whose anaplastic astrocytoma has recurred/progressed after radiation and temozolomide chemotherapy. expand

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of eflornithine in combination with lomustine, compared to lomustine taken alone, in treating patients whose anaplastic astrocytoma has recurred/progressed after radiation and temozolomide chemotherapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2016

open study

Study Evaluating CERAMENT™|G in Open Diaphyseal Tibial Fractures
BONESUPPORT AB Tibial Fracture
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of CERAMENT™|G used in conjunction with standard-of-care treatment compared to standard-of-care treatment alone in the care of subjects with open fractures of the tibial diaphysis. expand

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of CERAMENT™|G used in conjunction with standard-of-care treatment compared to standard-of-care treatment alone in the care of subjects with open fractures of the tibial diaphysis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2017

open study

Study of Oral Treprostinil in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) Associated With Heart Failure...
United Therapeutics Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With HFpEF
This is an open-label study to evaluate the safety of continued therapy with oral treprostinil in subjects who have completed Study TDE-HF-301. This study will provide long-term, open-label data regarding the effect of continued long-term oral treprostinil therapy for the treatment... expand

This is an open-label study to evaluate the safety of continued therapy with oral treprostinil in subjects who have completed Study TDE-HF-301. This study will provide long-term, open-label data regarding the effect of continued long-term oral treprostinil therapy for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Subject visits will occur at Baseline, Weeks 6, 12, 18, 24, and every 12 weeks thereafter until either oral treprostinil becomes commercially available to treat PH associated with HFpEF or the study is discontinued by the Sponsor.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Early Advanced Weight Bearing for Peri-articular Knee and Pilon Injuries
Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium Distal Femur Fracture Tibial Plateau Fracture Distal Tibia Fracture Pilon Fracture
The overall objective of this study is to compare outcomes following early advanced weight bearing (EAWB) using the AlterG antigravity treadmill versus standard of care physical therapy for adult patients with lower extremity periarticular injuries. expand

The overall objective of this study is to compare outcomes following early advanced weight bearing (EAWB) using the AlterG antigravity treadmill versus standard of care physical therapy for adult patients with lower extremity periarticular injuries.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2019

open study

A Pilot Study Using Autologous Regulatory T Cell Infusion Zortress (Everolimus) in Renal Transplant Recipients
Roberto Gedaly End Stage Renal Disease Kidney Transplant
This study will enroll individuals who have end stage renal disease and who are undergoing a solitary kidney transplant. This study is investigating/evaluating the safety and effectiveness of collecting, expanding and infusing a specific certain type of immune cell known as Regulatory... expand

This study will enroll individuals who have end stage renal disease and who are undergoing a solitary kidney transplant. This study is investigating/evaluating the safety and effectiveness of collecting, expanding and infusing a specific certain type of immune cell known as Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) to renal transplant recipients who are using Zortress (Everolimus) as immunosuppressive therapy. Treg cells, once they have been expanded in the laboratory to help prevent kidney rejection. Treg cells are collected from a participant's blood through a procedure called apheresis. Treg cells are a type of white blood cells that are able to suppress the activity of other immune cells responsible for organ rejection. The investigator plans to enroll 12 participants at the University of Kentucky.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2019

open study

The INCREASE Study - Delaying the Onset of Alzheimer's Symptomatic Expression
Daniela Moga Alzheimer's Disease Dementia
The study will examine the impact on cognitive reserve of a pharmacist-physician patient-centered medication therapy management intervention to address inappropriate medication use as identified by the Beers 2015 list. By bolstering cognitive reserve, this project will directly... expand

The study will examine the impact on cognitive reserve of a pharmacist-physician patient-centered medication therapy management intervention to address inappropriate medication use as identified by the Beers 2015 list. By bolstering cognitive reserve, this project will directly address the National Alzheimer's Project Act 2015 priorities serving to delay onset of symptoms in preclinical dementia. The results of this study will provide valuable insights on how to expand this intervention to reduce the prevalence and associated healthcare costs of symptomatic Alzheimer's disease.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

Responsible Fatherhood Opportunities for Reentry & Mobility
Mountain Comprehensive Care Center Substance Use Disorders
The purpose of this study is to determine differences among incarcerated or recently incarcerated fathers who receive targeted services and those who do not. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine differences among incarcerated or recently incarcerated fathers who receive targeted services and those who do not.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2016

open study

Selective Surgical Staging for the Treatment of Endometrial Cancer Based on Intraoperative Consultation
Frederick R. Ueland, M.D. Endometrial Cancer
Complete pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy performed at the time of primary surgical staging for endometrial cancer increases operative time and surgical morbidity, but appears to be necessary in most high grade and deeply invasive cancers. To date, the Mayo Clinic approach... expand

Complete pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy performed at the time of primary surgical staging for endometrial cancer increases operative time and surgical morbidity, but appears to be necessary in most high grade and deeply invasive cancers. To date, the Mayo Clinic approach has not been reproduced, and the investigators propose to validate their algorithm at the University of Kentucky utilizing intra-operative consultation (IOC). The preliminary data at the University of Kentucky for IOC and endometrial cancer outcomes suggest that the investigators are well-suited to perform this investigation. A surgical approach that is tailored to the patient's cancer biology is rational, supported by the recent literature, and medically compelling since the co-morbidities of many obese, low-risk EC patients put them at significantly increased perioperative risk for complete lymphadenectomy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2016

open study

Randomized On-X Anticoagulation Trial
On-X Life Technologies, Inc. Heart Valve Disease
Various patient groups with the On-X Valve can be maintained safely on lower doses of blood thinner(Coumadin®) or on antiplatelet drugs (aspirin/Plavix®) only rather than the standard dose of Coumadin and aspirin presently recommended by ACC/AHA or ACCP professional societies.... expand

Various patient groups with the On-X Valve can be maintained safely on lower doses of blood thinner(Coumadin®) or on antiplatelet drugs (aspirin/Plavix®) only rather than the standard dose of Coumadin and aspirin presently recommended by ACC/AHA or ACCP professional societies.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2006

open study

Cangrelor in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction to Decrease Infarct Size
George Bennet, MD STEMI - ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
This study evaluates differences in the extent of myocardial necrosis noted by cardiac MRI in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction randomized to receive cangrelor during their percutaneous coronary intervention and compares them to patients randomized to not receive... expand

This study evaluates differences in the extent of myocardial necrosis noted by cardiac MRI in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction randomized to receive cangrelor during their percutaneous coronary intervention and compares them to patients randomized to not receive cangrelor.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2017

open study

AtRial Cardiopathy and Antithrombotic Drugs In Prevention After Cryptogenic Stroke
Columbia University Stroke
Objectives - Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy. - Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban... expand

Objectives - Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy. - Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban over aspirin increases with the severity of atrial cardiopathy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

Effect of All-Stim 2 Quadriceps Treatments on Limb Muscle Strength In Mechanically Ventilated Patients
Gerald Supinski Weakness
Patients that are on mechanical ventilators in medical intensive care units (MICU) have extremely weak leg muscles. Currently there is no treatment to prevent or reverse this weakness. Treatments with a thigh muscle stimulator, called an All Stim 2, can improve leg muscle strength... expand

Patients that are on mechanical ventilators in medical intensive care units (MICU) have extremely weak leg muscles. Currently there is no treatment to prevent or reverse this weakness. Treatments with a thigh muscle stimulator, called an All Stim 2, can improve leg muscle strength and help patients regain leg function after knee surgery. The purpose of the present study is to determine if treatments with the All Stim 2 device can also improve leg muscle strength in patients on mechanical ventilation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2014

open study

Removable Partial Denture Abutments Restored With Monolithic Zirconia Crowns
University of Kentucky Crowns Denture
The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of an all-ceramic dental crown material to restore the abutment teeth of partially-edentulous patients who need removable partial dentures (RPD). The outcomes of the treatment group (all-ceramic crowns) will be compared to a... expand

The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of an all-ceramic dental crown material to restore the abutment teeth of partially-edentulous patients who need removable partial dentures (RPD). The outcomes of the treatment group (all-ceramic crowns) will be compared to a similarly-treated control group whose RPD abutment teeth are restored using conventional metal and metal-ceramic crowns. Primary outcomes of interest include crown survival, abutment tooth survival and RPD survival.The null hypothesis is that at the conclusion of the study there will be no differences in outcomes between the two groups. All dental treatment, including dental hygiene and periodontal care, fillings, crowns and RPD fabrication will be provided by predoctoral dental students in the University of Kentucky College of Dentistry student clinics. Students treating the subjects will be supervised by licensed, technique-calibrated faculty specialists. Following the completion of dental treatment, enrolled subjects will be clinically re-evaluated by investigators at 6 months, and at annual intervals thereafter for 5 years following RPD delivery.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2017

open study

Non-Opiate Treatment After Prenatal Opiate Exposure to Prevent Postnatal Injury to the Young Brain
University of Kentucky Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
The long term goals of our research are to establish the best pharmacological treatment for NAS and determine how pharmacologic treatment of NAS affects long-term developmental outcomes. The objective of this application is to evaluate the effectiveness of clonidine as a treatment... expand

The long term goals of our research are to establish the best pharmacological treatment for NAS and determine how pharmacologic treatment of NAS affects long-term developmental outcomes. The objective of this application is to evaluate the effectiveness of clonidine as a treatment for neonates with NAS, in a randomized clinical trial. Our central hypothesis is that clonidine will effectively treat drug withdrawal manifestations in neonates.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2017

open study

Functional and Self-reported Outcomes in Participants With a History of Musculoskeletal Knee Injury
Johanna M. Hoch Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Negative outcomes impact individuals with a history of ACL reconstruction (ACLR) despite completion of formal rehabilitation and clearance to return to physical activity (PA). Focused exercises and targeted health education may improve these negative outcomes and increase quality... expand

Negative outcomes impact individuals with a history of ACL reconstruction (ACLR) despite completion of formal rehabilitation and clearance to return to physical activity (PA). Focused exercises and targeted health education may improve these negative outcomes and increase quality of life. The purpose of this study is determine the effects of an 8-week rehabilitation program on strength, sensorimotor function, functional performance and patient-reported outcomes in patients with a history of ACLR. A secondary aim will be to identify baseline PA levels and dietary intake patterns in these individuals. Participants will complete standard knee radiographs and all baseline measures, and resume normal activities of daily living for one-week while wearing an accelerometer to quantify PA levels and complete two, 24-hour dietary recalls to examine dietary patterns. After one-week, participants will come back to the laboratory and complete the pre-intervention assessments prior to randomization to the exercise or control group. After 8-weeks, participants will complete all outcome assessments 24-48 hours, 1-month and 3-months post exercise completion. The investigators hypothesize the intervention group will have significantly better outcomes post-intervention compared to the control group. In addition, the investigators hypothesize areas of educational and behavioral intervention related to PA engagement and dietary strategies to support weight management will be needed.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2018

open study

Crystalloid Liberal or Vasopressors Early Resuscitation in Sepsis
Massachusetts General Hospital Septic Shock
Multicenter, prospective, phase 3 randomized non-blinded interventional trial of fluid treatment strategies in the first 24 hours for patients with sepsis-induced hypotension. The aim of the study is to determine the impact of a restrictive fluids strategy (vasopressors first... expand

Multicenter, prospective, phase 3 randomized non-blinded interventional trial of fluid treatment strategies in the first 24 hours for patients with sepsis-induced hypotension. The aim of the study is to determine the impact of a restrictive fluids strategy (vasopressors first followed by rescue fluids) as compared to a liberal fluid strategy (fluids first followed by rescue vasopressors) on 90-day in-hospital mortality in patients with sepsis-induced hypotension.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2018

open study

Exercise in Adults With Mild Memory Problems
Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS) Mild Cognitive Impairment Cognitive Decline Memory Impairment
This study evaluates the effects of physical exercise on cognition, functional status, brain atrophy and blood flow, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in adults with a mild memory impairment. Half of participants will participate in a stretching-balance-range... expand

This study evaluates the effects of physical exercise on cognition, functional status, brain atrophy and blood flow, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in adults with a mild memory impairment. Half of participants will participate in a stretching-balance-range of motion exercise program, while the other half will participate in a moderate/high aerobic training program.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2016

open study

Ovarian Tissue Freezing For Fertility Preservation In Women Facing A Fertility Threatening Medical Diagnosis/Treatment
Vlad Radulescu Cancer Hematologic Disorder Rheumatologic Disorder Infertility
The purpose of this research is to obtain ovarian tissue from female participants who will receive therapy which is expected to result in a loss or impairment of ovarian function and/or infertility and wish to preserve (freeze) ovarian tissue for the purpose of initiating a pregnancy... expand

The purpose of this research is to obtain ovarian tissue from female participants who will receive therapy which is expected to result in a loss or impairment of ovarian function and/or infertility and wish to preserve (freeze) ovarian tissue for the purpose of initiating a pregnancy in the future. Removal of the ovary for cryopreservation is an investigational procedure. 100% of the tissue will be used for the participant's future use. There have been 86 pregnancies as a result of frozen ovarian tissue that has been re-implanted back into the pelvis and hormonal function has been restored in individuals for up to 7 years. By doing this study, the investigators hope to learn of how to successfully freeze and thaw ovarian tissue in a manner that permits subsequent use by patients at some point in the future. Participation may also advance our knowledge of how to successfully mature follicles and oocytes (eggs) that are contained in these tissues which may help others in the future.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2017

open study

Oral Treprostinil in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With Heart Failure With Preserved...
United Therapeutics Pulmonary Hypertension Heart Failure With a Preserved Ejection Fraction
This is a multicenter, randomized (1:1; oral treprostinil to placebo), double-blind, placebo-controlled study in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 2 pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Once randomized,... expand

This is a multicenter, randomized (1:1; oral treprostinil to placebo), double-blind, placebo-controlled study in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 2 pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Once randomized, subjects will take the initial dose of study drug at the study site on the day of randomization. Subjects will return to the study site for visits scheduled at Weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24. The treatment phase of the study will last approximately 24 weeks.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Prazosin for Agitation in Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS) Alzheimer's Disease Disruptive Behavior
The study evaluates the effects of Prazosin on agitation in adults with Alzheimer's disease. Two thirds of the participants will participate in the medication portion, while one third will participate in the placebo portion expand

The study evaluates the effects of Prazosin on agitation in adults with Alzheimer's disease. Two thirds of the participants will participate in the medication portion, while one third will participate in the placebo portion

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Dietary Intervention in Persons With Metabolic Syndrome
Martha Biddle Metabolic Syndrome
Individuals diagnosed with metabolic syndrome are at a two-fold risk for developing cardiovascular disease. The investigators must identify strategies that can abort the development of cardiovascular disease. Inflammation and oxidative stress responsible for the pathogenesis... expand

Individuals diagnosed with metabolic syndrome are at a two-fold risk for developing cardiovascular disease. The investigators must identify strategies that can abort the development of cardiovascular disease. Inflammation and oxidative stress responsible for the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and CVD can be influenced by dietary changes. Strategic and novel interventions that include changing dietary patterns to include more antioxidant rich fruit and vegetables are pragmatic for primary prevention of CVD. Antioxidant rich fruits and vegetables, especially those with carotenoids (lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene, and beta-carotene) have been efficacious in reducing the risk of CVD by decreasing inflammation and oxidative stress. The purpose of this study is to test the effect of a dietary antioxidant intervention on biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in persons diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. The sample will be randomized into one of two groups. Group one (intervention) will drink an 11.5 ounce serving of V8 100% vegetable juice once per day for 30 days. The second group (control) will continue to consume their normal diet. We will measure biomarkers of inflammation (C-reactive protein) and oxidative stress (malondialdehyde) in the two groups at baseline and the end of the 30-day intervention.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2018

open study

Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Perampanel as Monotherapy or First Adjunctive Therapy in...
Eisai Inc. Partial Onset Seizures Secondarily Generalized Seizures Primary Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures
This study will assess the retention rate of perampanel when given as monotherapy or first adjunctive therapy in participants with partial-onset seizures or primary generalized tonic clonic seizures. The study consists of 4 periods: a Screening Period (to start no earlier than... expand

This study will assess the retention rate of perampanel when given as monotherapy or first adjunctive therapy in participants with partial-onset seizures or primary generalized tonic clonic seizures. The study consists of 4 periods: a Screening Period (to start no earlier than 6 weeks before the first dose of study drug), a Titration Period (up to 13 weeks), a Maintenance Period (39 weeks), and a Follow-Up Period (4 weeks).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study